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Vocational training: Admission to the final examination and retraining examination

Examinations within a training course are defined as the intermediate examination, final examination(s) planned within the framework of the respective training regulations.

At the end of a recognised vocational training, e.g. in the craft, agricultural, commercial or industrial sectors, a trainee must prove his professional skills. For this purpose, written, oral and practical examinations are carried out, usually as final examinations.
In order to be admitted to the final examination, the trainee must either have completed the training period or the training period may end no later than two months after the examination date. In addition, one must have taken part in the prescribed intermediate examination and have kept the proof of training properly. As a rule, the vocational training relationship must be entered in the list of vocational training relationships.

Further admission regulations for trainees are laid down in the Vocational Training Act (BBiG) Section 43 and 45 respectively. Persons who have been trained in a recognised training occupation at a vocational training institution are also admitted thereafter. In the case of corresponding benefits, trainees may also be admitted to the final examination after consultation before the end of their training period. External test subjects and/or apprentices without previous vocational training but with sufficient periods of professional activity are admitted in accordance with special regulations.

If the final examination is not passed, it can be repeated twice. If the final examination consists of two parts separated from time, the first part of the final examination cannot be repeated on its own.
Examination committees shall be set up by the competent body for the acceptance of the final and retraining examinations.

Where the examiner submits an application for a retraining examination, he shall be exempted from taking individual parts of the examination if he fulfils the following conditions: he must have another comparable examination before a public or state-recognised examination. educational institution or before a state audit committee. In addition, the registration for the retraining examination must have taken place within five years of the date of the other examination being announced.

As a result of the examinations, a written certificate shall be issued to the subject.

Who should I contact?

If no jurisdiction independent of the chamber is determined by a legal regulation, please contact the competent chamber. This can be e.g.:

  • the Chamber of Crafts for Vocational Training in Professions of the Crafts Code,
  • the Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Vocational Training in non-craft occupations (e.g. occupations in the fields of industry, commerce, banking, insurance, services and industrial and technical occupations),
  • the Chamber of Agriculture for Vocational Training in Agricultural and Rural Household Farming,
  • the Chamber of Lawyers, Patent Attorneys and Notaries, as well as the Notary Fund for the Vocational Training of Specialists in the Administration of Justice,
  • the Chamber of Auditors and the Chamber of Tax Advisers for the Vocational Training of Specialists in Auditing and Tax Advice,
  • the Chamber of Physicians, Dentists, Veterinarians and Pharmacists for the Vocational Training of Specialists in the Health Professions.

Further responsibilities, e.g. for bodies in the field of public law as well as churches and other religious communities, are regulated in the BBiG Sections 72 to 75.

If there are no chambers for individual professions, the Land Act already lays down rules concerning competence. In addition, chambers with the approval of the competent federal or state authority can agree among themselves a special division of tasks. The competent chambers are responsible for the entire preparation of the examination. This includes, in particular, the publication of the examination dates, admission to the examination, acceptance of the examination and the evaluation as well as the announcement of the examination results.

What are the fees?

The examinations are free of charge for trainees, and by statute the competent authorities can charge fees from the training companies. Possible fees for the supervision and conduct of examinations can be found in the fee rates of the competent chambers or in the special state law.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

In order to be admitted to the final or retraining examination, registration is required on time. The Boards shall determine the filing dates and publish them in an appropriate manner.

Legal basis

Sections 37ff., 43, 45, 58ff. Vocational Education and Training Act (BBiG) in accordance with Section 71ff. BBiG

What else should I know?

The final audit result shall be communicated by the Audit Committee. The preliminary results of the written audits are usually available online. For data protection reasons, the test results or test number may not be communicated by telephone.

Apprentices must be exempted from taking part in examinations. The trainee is paid the training allowance for the period of leave.

People with disabilities should already draw attention to their special concerns when registering for the final examination, so that these can be taken into account when carrying out the final examination. A medical opinion should be enclosed.

Where the retraining regulations or the competent authority regulations provide for admission requirements, foreign educational qualifications and periods of professional activity abroad shall be taken into account.


The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Professionally released on

before 2010

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

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