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Proof of expertise in the arms trade through examination

Usually, the test is carried out by order of the authority to which you have applied for the weapon permit and cannot be applied for separately.

Depending on the scope of the trade permit you apply for, the exam includes certain categories of weapons.

In the theoretical part of the examination, you must prove knowledge of the regulations on the trade in firearms and ammunition, the acquisition and carrying of firearms as well as the basic features of the other gun law regulations.

In the practical part of the test, you must prove the safe handling of the tested weapon categories. This includes, among other things, disassembling and assembling, naming essential parts and describing how they work.

In order to successfully pass the specialist examination for the trade in weapons and ammunition, you need not only theoretical but also practical knowledge. Therefore, extensive preparation is recommended.

If you have applied for a permit to trade in ammunition, the treatment of the common ammunition and its use in the associated firearm will be examined.

As a master can registered in the register of craftsmen, you already have the expertise and do not have to prove it again by means of an examination at the IHK.

Process flow

Normally, you apply for the permit to trade in weapons and are then reported for examination through the competent licensing authority. At some chambers of commerce and industry you can or must register yourself.

  • As a rule, you will receive a notification from the authority responsible for the trading permit that the examination is to be carried out.
  • Your registration will be confirmed by the IHK and you will receive an invitation to the exam date
  • You take the exam on site at the IHK
  • You will receive the certificate of the successfully passed specialist examination by the Chamber of Industry and Commerce

With the re-reference of the specialist knowledge, you can continue the approval procedure for the arms trade.

Competent authority

Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK)

IHK Competence Finder


- as a rule, the authority with which you have applied for the arms trade permit must register or pre-register you for the examination

Which documents are required?

  • If applicable, notification to the competent authority of the trading authorisation that the examination is to be carried out
  • Official photo ID for identification during the examination

What are the fees?

You can find out about the fees at the Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK), where you take the exam. They result from the fee schedule of the competent state authority.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

The certificate of expertise is valid indefinitely and nationwide.

Processing duration

  • Specialist examinations take place irregularly, so the duration may vary between notification of the authority and examination
  • The certificate is usually available immediately or a few days after passing the oral part of the examination

Applications / forms

  • Forms: as a rule, you will receive all the necessary forms from the authority issuing an arms trade permit, in some cases also directly from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • Online procedure possible: no
  • Written form requirement: no
  • Personal appearance necessary: yes


  • Detailed information on how to file an objection can be found in the notice of non-passing of the examination
  • Administrative court action

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

Further Links

Single points of contact of the state of Lower Saxony, Single points of contact of the countries of Europe, advice and assistance for EU citizens and their families.