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Applying for assistance for the blind

Assistance for the blind is a social assistance benefit for blind people. This lump-sum cash benefit is intended to compensate for additional financial expenses incurred as a result of blindness.

You are eligible to apply if you are blind or have the same status as a blind person.

If you also receive home care benefits, state allowance for the blind, benefits for war and accident blind, or if you live in an inpatient facility (for example, in a nursing home), these can be credited to assistance for the blind.

If you receive assistance for care due to blindness outside of an inpatient facility or if you receive a cash amount as a social assistance benefit, it is not possible to receive assistance for the blind at the same time.

The amount of assistance for the blind depends on the timing and extent of the adjustment of pensions in the statutory pension insurance. Assistance for the blind will be adjusted accordingly.

The maximum amount of assistance for the blind is (as of 01.07.2023)

  • before the age of 18: EUR 421.61 or
  • from the age of 18: 841.77 EUR

per month.

The costs of the benefits are covered by the competent social assistance institution. Assistance for the blind is only available to people who do not have sufficient assets or income of their own.

Process flow

  • You should contact your local social welfare agency.
  • They will advise you or you can submit an informal application right away.
  • The competent authority may ask you to fill out a form and submit other documents.
  • Once all the documents have been submitted, the competent authority will examine your entitlement to assistance for the blind on the basis of the information you have provided.
  • This also includes checking whether and how much your income and assets are taken into account.
  • After the examination, you will receive a written notification of approval or rejection.


You can receive assistance for the blind if the following conditions are met:

  • Blindness (complete absence of eyesight) or not only temporarily, a total binocular acuity of no more than one-fiftieth
  • Proof of the severity of your visual impairment, for example by:
    • Severely disabled person's ID card with the mark "Bl" or
    • Assessment notice in accordance with the law on severely disabled persons,
    • ophthalmological findings or a medical certificate
  • low income
  • low assets
  • In addition, it is not reasonable to expect certain other persons, such as the spouse, to afford the additional expenses caused by blindness from their own resources.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

There are no deadlines to be observed. It should be noted, however, that assistance for the blind is paid at the earliest from the first of the month in which the application for assistance for the blind is submitted.

Processing duration

The processing time of your application depends on various factors. Please contact your competent social assistance institution, which will be able to provide you with more detailed information on the duration of the procedure.


  • Objection within one month of notification of the administrative act
  • Appeal to the Social Court within one month of notification of the notice of objection

Technically approved by

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS)

Professionally released on



The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)