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Legal biotope protection

Protected biotopes are habitats of special plant and animal species. These habitats deserve special protection because they are rare, have a high ecological value and/or are threatened with destruction.

There are laws and international agreements to protect these habitats. In Lower Saxony, the following biotope types are placed under special legal protection by Section 30 of the German Nature Conservation and Landscape Conservation Act (BNatSchG) and Section 24 of the Lower Saxony Executive Act on the Federal Nature Conservation Act (NAGBNatSchG):

  • natural or natural areas of flowing and standing inland waters, including their banks and associated natural or near-natural vegetation, as well as their natural or near-natural landing areas, altars and regular flooded areas,
  • Moors, swamps, reeds, Großseggenrieder, seggen-, bins- and high-stow-rich wet meadows, mountain meadows, spring areas, inland salt points,
  • open inland dunes, open natural block, rubble and boulder swells, mud and loess walls, dwarf shrub, broom and juniper heaths, bristle grass grass, dry grass, heavy metal grass, forests and bushes of dry-warm sites,
  • Fracture, swamp and floodplain forests, canyon, block heap and slope debris forests,
  • open rock formations,
  • cliffs, coastal dunes, beach lakes, salt marshes and mudflats in the coastal area, seagrass meadows and other marine macrophyte populations, reefs, sublitoral sandbanks, silt ingesnotations with drilling soil megafauna as well as species-rich gravel, coarse sand and schill sites in the marine and coastal areas,
  • natural caves and earthfalls.

Acts which may lead to the destruction or significant impairment of these habitats with their typical flora and fauna are prohibited. Exceptions may be allowed on a case-by-case basis if the impairments can be compensated. Damage and destruction of specially protected biotopes caused by ignorance are also illegal. The polluter may be obliged to restore to its original state.

The protected biotopes are recorded by the municipality, the municipality and the city and are registered in a list of protected parts of nature and landscape. The entry in this list will be made public in writing to the owners and users. The municipalities, velvet municipalities and cities keep excerpts from this list. Anyone can view this list and the extracts in accordance with Section 14 of the NAGBNatSchG.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

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