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Procedure for identifying a need for special educational support

In principle, support is a basic principle of pedagogical action in all types of schools. It is the task of all teachers to ensure age- and development-appropriate support. Special educational support extends the general support. In particular, it is intended to support pupils by providing individual assistance in the development and development of their mental, emotional, physical and social abilities, talents and inclinations. Special educational support has the task of enabling pupils to live, learn and act independently and together, taking into account their individual possibilities.

The need for special educational support is to be assumed for pupils who are so severely impaired in their educational, development and learning opportunities that they cannot be adequately supported without special support.

Special educational needs vary in severity and can be found in the following areas:

  1. Learn
  2. Language
  3. emotional and social development
  4. See
  5. Hear
  6. physical and motor development
  7. Intellectual development
  8. Autistic behavior

The standardised diagnostics in the special educational assessment procedure determine whether there is a need for special educational support in the above-mentioned special educational priorities. In principle, the special educational support focus is named in the result of the assessment procedure and documented in the decision.

Process flow

The school management of the responsible school initiates the procedure for determining a need for special educational support if appropriate information is available. A procedure is carried out when a special educational need is identified for the first time and when there are indications of a change or elimination of the need. A support report is prepared by a teacher from the responsible school and a special needs school teacher. The parents and guardians are advised by the teachers regarding the child's needs and their choice of school. At the request of the legal guardians, a funding committee is convened. The decision on the determination of a need for special educational support is made by the responsible Regional State Office for School and Education.

Who should I contact?

  • The competent authority for the procedure is the school attended or the school at which the child is to be enrolled.


If it can be assumed that the pupil is so severely impaired in the respective educational, development and learning opportunities that he/she cannot be adequately supported without special support.

Which documents are required?

The schools use mandatory forms for the implementation of the procedure, which are made available to the legal guardians during the procedure.

What are the fees?

Emission: free of charge

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

There are no set deadlines.

Technically approved by

Lower Saxony Ministry of Culture


The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)