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Apply for basic education for people with profound visual or hearing impairments

In order to be able to cope with a profound visual impairment or hearing impairment at work and in everyday life, you must have many special skills. The basic training required due to disability provides you with the knowledge and skills you need for an independent and independent life – both professionally and privately.

The special basic training courses are aimed at people who are basically seeking vocational training or retraining, but whose knowledge and skills are not yet sufficient to successfully carry out this training or retraining due to a (occurring) severe visual impairment or hearing impairment.

If training or retraining is not possible for personal reasons, support can also be provided prior to taking up employment.

Basic technical training for the blind

During a basic training course in technology for the blind, you will learn new techniques that are necessary for the exercise or further exercise of an activity due to your disability.

The teaching contents include, for example:

  • read and write Braille,
  • get to know and use computer aids specific to the blind,
  • working with electronic reading devices for the blind and recorders for the blind,
  • Orientation and mobility, so that you can move and orient yourself independently and safely in public spaces,
  • Practical life skills, for example, so that you can sign a signature, recognize money, take care of your clothes and prepare meals – in short, you can run your own household.

The duration is 10 to 12 months.

Basic training in hearing technology

During a basic audio training, you will learn strategies to communicate as well as possible with hearing people. The aim is to find out the listening tactics with which you can best communicate with hearing people personally, both at the training place or workplace and during a professional qualification.

The teaching contents include, for example:

  • Training
  • Hearing training for hearing aids or cochlear implant wearers
  • Development and training of a listening tactic,
  • use of speech-to-text interpreters, signs accompanying spoken language and technical aids,
  • Audiotherapy,
  • Communication training,
  • Training to increase concentration and exercise capacity

The duration is 3 to 6 months, depending on requirements.

The basic training required due to disability is funded by the Employment Agency, provided that the Federal Employment Agency is the responsible rehabilitation provider. You are entitled to either transitional allowance or training allowance and you are covered by social insurance.

These basic training courses usually take place in a vocational rehabilitation institution designed to meet the specific needs of people with disabilities.

Process flow

In order to receive the basic training required due to your disability, you must contact your employment agency:

  • Make an appointment with the Vocational Rehabilitation and Participation team of your Employment Agency.
  • If you do not yet have a personal contact person at the Employment Agency, make an appointment via the ServiceHotline of the Federal Employment Agency.
  • In the consultation, it will be clarified whether the basic training is suitable for you.
  • If your advisor determines that the basic training is suitable for you, you will be immediately marked for it. Your advisor will also discuss with you the forms you need to fill out. You can also fill in the documents online.
  • Your advisor will register you for the basic training.
  • You will receive a written notification as soon as a place is available.

Who should I contact?

You can find the department of the Federal Employment Agency responsible for you via the service finder.

Competent authority

You can find the department of the Federal Employment Agency responsible for you via the service finder.


  • You have or are threatened with severe visual or hearing impairment.
  • Its responsible rehabilitation provider is the Federal Employment Agency.
  • Your prospects of participating or participating again in working life are not only temporarily significantly reduced due to the nature and severity of your disability and you therefore need help to participate in working life.
  • They are prepared to receive vocational training or to be professionally integrated in some other way.

Which documents are required?

When contacting your advisor, please ask which documents you need.

What are the fees?


Processing duration

Processing usually takes several weeks. After approval of the service, the measure should begin as soon as possible in coordination with the provider.

Applications / forms

Forms available: No
Written form required: No
Informal application possible: No
Personal appearance required: Yes
Online services available: Yes


Objection to the Employment Agency that issued the decision. Further information on how to file an objection can be found in the respective notification.

Technically approved by

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS)

Professionally released on



The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)