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View handling of airbag and belt tensioner units

Airbags and belt tensioners contain pyrotechnic substances (detonators). Therefore, they are subject to the Explosives Act. If handled improperly, these components pose considerable risks that can lead to serious injuries and even death. Assembly and disassembly of airbag modules and belt tensioners may only be carried out by knowledgeable, trained personnel.

If you handle airbag or belt tensioner units of subcategory T1 - or according to the new designation of category P1 - in the context of a commercial activity, but without igniting them (for example, when installing and removing them in automotive workshops), you do not need a permit according to § 7 of the Explosives Act. However, the prerequisite for this exemption from the permit requirement is that the handling is carried out by trained personnel – i.e. with limited specialist knowledge.
If, as an employer, you have airbag or belt tensioner units of subcategory T1 (or category P1) handled for the first time in your company, you must notify this in writing.

Process flow

Before you as an employer have airbag and belt tensioner units handled in your company, you should report this in writing.


  • Your company must have trained personnel, i.e. the employees concerned have the necessary so-called "limited expertise" by attending a relevant training course on the use of airbags and belt tensioner units without a permit.
  • the airbag or belt tensioner units are not triggered when removed, i.e. not ignited
  • the storage of the airbag and belt tensioner units is carried out in accordance with the requirements of the explosives regulations, in particular the Explosives Storage Directive 240
  • the quantity thresholds for permit-free storage in accordance with Appendix 6 to the Annex to the 2 Ordinance to the Explosives Act are complied with: namely a maximum of 10 kilograms of net explosive mass (NEM) in the working area and a maximum of 100 kilograms of net explosives mass (NEM) in the storage room (F30/T30)

Which documents are required?

Proof of limited expertise by presenting a certificate of participation in a relevant training course on the use of airbag and belt tensioner units without a permit

What are the fees?

Fee: free of charge
Payment in advance: No

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

Notification period: The notification must be submitted at least 2 weeks before the start of the activity.

Applications / forms

Online procedure possible: yes

Written form required: no

Personal appearance required: no


The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Technically approved by

NIedersächsisches Sozialministerium

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

Further Links

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