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Apply for a harmlessness certificate


General information

The certificate of innocuousness facilitates the transfer of ownership of small parcels of land and thus helps to clean up public records and maps. Small or fragmented parcels are often created when roads, paths, railroads and watercourses are relocated, widened or newly constructed and when boundaries are straightened.

Situation

If a section of a property encumbered with a mortgage or other rights is to be sold, either the encumbrances resting on the parent property must be transferred to the part to be sold or, if this is not to be done, the entitled parties must release the part to be written off from the lien and give their consent to this by a notary. However, the expenses associated with the release of the lien are generally disproportionate to the value of the part to be written off. In this case, the certificate of harmlessness replaces the authorization of the entitled party and enables the lien-free write-off by means of an administrative act.

Examination

Ownership of a part of the property can be transferred free of encumbrances if it is established by an official certificate (harmlessness) that the parcel to be depreciated is of low value and size and that the change in title is not likely to be detrimental to the beneficiaries. The law thus allows the certificate of harmlessness to cover any case of disposal, including not only purchase but also exchange and free transfer. It includes any encumbrance with the exception of public charges. This includes, for example, real encumbrances, mortgages, land and pension debts, usufruct, easement, heritable building right, pre-emption right, permanent right of residence or use or right of way.

§ Section 2 (1) (2) stipulates that, under the same conditions, the right to which the respective owner of another property is entitled can be revoked without the consent of the party in whose favor the other property is encumbered.

The certificate of harmlessness can be limited to individual encumbrances.

When processing the application, it may turn out that the area to be released from the encumbrance (easement) in accordance with the application is not affected by the encumbrance. In such cases, instead of issuing or rejecting a certificate of non-impairment, a certificate can be issued stating that the relevant part of the property is not affected. Further information on this can be found under the application type "Application for a certificate of non-affectedness".

Process flow

The indemnity certificate replaces the release of liens of the entitled parties required in the context of a lien-free transfer of parts of land (parcels).

  • After the application has been submitted, the requirements for the issue of a certificate of harmlessness are checked by the land registry office.
  • Ifthe requirements are not met, a notice of rejection is issued with information on legal remedies and the fees are charged by means of a notice of performance.
  • If the requirements are met, the parties concerned will be heard.
  • The certificate of innocuousness is issued after the expiry of the hearing period with information on legal remedies.

Issue of the certificate of legal force after expiry of the appeal period and collection of the fees by means of a decision on performance.

Who should I contact?

A certificate of harmlessness is provided by the cadastral offices of the State Office for Geoinformation and Land Surveying of Lower Saxony (LGLN).

Requirements

Any person who has a legal interest in establishing harmlessness may apply for a certificate of harmlessness.

Which documents are required?

  • Designation of the affected parcel of land by the cadastral designation with district, parcel and parcel number to which the certificate of non-detriment is to relate
  • Name of the right for which a certificate of non-detriment is to be issued
  • Current extract from the land register, if available
  • Copy of the authorization certificate for encumbrances in section II of the land register, if available (easements)

What are the fees?

The amount of the fees is based on the cost regulations for official surveying (KOVerm).

The fees for issuing and rejecting a certificate of harmlessness are the same!

The fees are € 600 (for up to 5 parties) plus VAT and expenses.

Processing duration

Processing Time: 2 - 3 Months

Applications / forms

Online service available: Yes

Online service: Apply for a harmlessness certificate

Appeal

An application for a court decision can be made against the granting of the certificate of harmlessness within 2 weeks of service at the competent local court responsible for keeping the land register.

An immediate appeal against the decision of the local court may be lodged with the regional court.

Comments

The fees for issuing and refusing a certificate of non-detriment are charged at the same rate.

Certificates of non-detriment are issued for all rights in rem to a property with the exception of public charges.

Author

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

competent Bodies


Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Geoinformation und Landesvermessung Niedersachsen (LGLN) - Regionaldirektion Oldenburg-Cloppenburg - Katasteramt Oldenburg

Data protection information


Landesbeauftragte für den Datenschutz Niedersachsen
Address: Prinzenstraße 5, 30159 Hannover
Timetable
Telephone: +49 511 12045-00
Fax: +49 511 12045-99

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)