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Recognition of politically persecuted persons as persons entitled to asylum or as refugees under the Geneva Refugee Convention Decision

In Germany, politically persecuted persons are entitled to recognition as persons entitled to asylum under Article 16a of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany (GG) or as refugees within the meaning of the Convention on the Status of Refugees of 28.06.1951 (Geneva Refugee Convention).

Anyone wishing to exercise the right to recognition must undergo a recognition procedure.

Process flow

If an asylum seeker reports to the border authority, he or she will forward him or her to the nearest initial reception centre, which is the responsibility of the country concerned. However, this does not apply if he meets the conditions for refusing entry, for example because he is entering from a safe third country. If a foreigner only identifies himself or herself as an asylum seeker in Germany, he or she will also first be referred to the nearest initial reception centre.

Asylum seekers then submit their asylum application. A data comparison with the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR) is carried out and a residence permit is granted, which grants a temporary right to stay in the Federal Republic of Germany for the purpose of carrying out the asylum procedure.

Subsequently, the legally required, non-public hearing of the asylum seeker takes place in accordance with § 25 of the Asylum Procedure Act (AsylVfG) by employees of the competent authority. For this purpose, the asylum seeker must appear in person and explain the reasons for persecution. After that, a decision on the asylum application is made. In principle, the individual fate of the individual is decisive.

The decision on the application for asylum shall be taken in writing and shall state the reasons on which it is based. It is served on the asylum seeker with information on the right of appeal.

Who should I contact?

Responsibility lies with the branch office of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), which is located in the immediate vicinity of your initial reception centre.

Lower Saxony maintains an initial reception centre - the State Reception Authority of Lower Saxony - with locations in Braunschweig, Bramsche, Friedland, Oldenburg and Osnabrück.

Which documents are required?

  • All existing documents proving your identity and curriculum vitae

What are the fees?

Fees may apply. Please contact the relevant authority.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

Deadlines may have to be observed. Please contact the competent authority.

Technically approved by

Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior and Sport


The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)