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Apply for parental allowance


Parental allowance is a benefit for parents of infants and young children. It replaces part of the lost income if you want to be there for your child after the birth and interrupt or reduce your professional work. Parental allowance is also available for parents who had no income at all before the birth.

There are three types of parental allowance:
- Basic parental allowance
- Parental allowance plus
- Partnership bonus

Parental Allowance Plus and the partnership bonus provide particular support if you share the work and family responsibilities after the birth.

Even if you are a single parent, you can apply for the various options. Parental allowance is also available for adopted children and children in foster care.

As parents, you can decide for yourself who receives parental allowance and for how long. In the application, you must specify the months of your child's life for which you would like to apply for parental allowance and which parental allowance variant you choose.

The amount of parental allowance is calculated individually. The calculation is based on the income you had before the birth and which ceases after the birth. If you had no income before the birth or no income after the birth, you will receive a minimum amount. For basic parental allowance, this is at least EUR 300.00 per month.

Tip: You can use the parental allowance calculator from the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs to help you plan and calculate.

Parental allowance must be applied for in writing after the birth of the child.

Information, explanations and applications as well as the parental allowance office responsible for your place of residence are also available on the website of the Lower Saxony Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Health and Equality.

In Lower Saxony, responsibility lies with the administrative districts, independent cities and municipalities belonging to the region and, in individual cases (on application), with large independent cities or independent municipalities in which you are resident or habitually resident. In cases of posting, secondment, transfer or secondment without residence in Germany, jurisdiction is based on your last place of residence in Germany or the registered office of the posting body.

You can receive parental allowance if you meet the following requirements:

  • You look after and bring up your child yourself,
  • You have a place of residence in Germany or usually stay here,
  • You live with your child in a shared household,
  • You are either not employed at all or do not usually work more than 32 hours per week,
    • There are several exceptions to the limit of 32 hours per week, for example if you are on vacation or if you are studying or training.
  • For births after August 31, 2021 and before April 1, 2024: Your taxable income did not exceed EUR 250,000. For parent couples, the limit is EUR 300,000.
  • For births from April 1, 2024, the income limit for couples and single parents is a uniform EUR 200,000 taxable income and

  • for births from April 1, 2025 at EUR 175,000 taxable income.

  • Completed and signed application form
  • Birth certificate or birth certificate of your child

Depending on your individual situation, additional documents may be required. Further information can be found in the application documents or can be obtained directly from the relevant parental allowance office.

There are no fees.

You can only apply for parental allowance after the birth.

It is best to submit the application within the first 3 months of your child's life, as parental allowance is paid retroactively for a maximum of 3 months.

You can obtain information from the relevant parental allowance office.

Forms available: Yes

Written form required: Yes

Informal application possible: No

Personal appearance necessary: No

Online services available: partly (depending on the federal state)

  • Appeal
    You can find more information on how to lodge an appeal in your parental allowance notification.
  • Complaint to the social court

Lower Saxony Ministry for Social Affairs, Labor, Health and Equality

10.01.2023

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)