Dismissal from German citizenship for persons abroad
The Federal Office of Administration (BVA) is a German higher federal authority within the remit of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (BMI). Among other things, as a nationality authority for persons abroad, it is responsible for issues relating to nationality.
If you live abroad, wish to be naturalised in another country and the foreign state requires the surrender of your German citizenship, you can apply for dismissal from German citizenship. If the dismissal can be approved, you will be given a certificate of dismissal.
If you are a minor, you can only be released with the permission of the German family court responsible for you (at the district court). A minor child does not need permission from the family court if the parents with custody or the parent with sole custody make or make the application for themselves and at the same time for the minor child.
You can also appoint an authorised person, such as a lawyer, for your application. To do this, you must present a power of attorney.
Further information can be obtained by telephone, e-mail or in a personal conversation at the German mission abroad responsible for you or at the Federal Office of Administration (BVA).
A distinction must be made between dismissal and renunciation of German nationality. A waiver can be explained by anyone who already has at least one other in addition to German citizenship and wants to give up his German citizenship.
You can submit your application for dismissal from German citizenship in writing to the responsible German representation abroad, online or in writing directly to the Federal Office of Administration (BVA).
You or your authorised person can apply for dismissal from German citizenship in writing at the responsible German mission abroad, directly in writing or online at the Federal Office for The Federal Employment Office (BVA).
- You can obtain the application form on site at your local German mission abroad or download it online from the BAT website.
- If you live in Germany, please contact your responsible city or district administration. There you will receive the appropriate application forms for you.
- On request, the local mission abroad will assist you in filling out the application form.
- Fill out the application form completely and sign it.
- Submit the signed application by post or in person together with the required evidence to your local German mission abroad.
- However, contact with the diplomatic mission abroad is not mandatory. You can also send the declaration directly to the BVA by post.
- The BVA will examine your application and inform you if further documents and information are required to process the application.
- Go to the website of the Federal Portal and fill out the application form for dismissal from German citizenship electronically. Note: For the online function, you need your identity card with PIN number or another eIDAS-compliant form of authentication.
- Add the other required documents as a file.
- Submit your application.
- The BVA will examine your application and request any necessary documents in a certified copy.
Conclusion of the procedure (written and online):
- After the decision, you will receive a request to pay the procedural fee.
- If your application is approved, the BVA will send your certificate of dismissal to your responsible German mission abroad. This will inform you about the further procedure for handing over the certificate.
- The dismissal takes effect upon delivery of the certificate of dismissal. Your German identity documents will become invalid as a result. They are drafted by the diplomatic mission abroad.
- To complete the process, naturalization in the foreign state must take place within one year of receipt of the certificate of dismissal. Proof of naturalisation must be provided to the Federal Office of Administration.
- If naturalisation has not taken place within the one-year period, the dismissal procedure becomes retroactively ineffective in order to avoid statelessness. The certificate of dismissal must be returned to the Federal Office of Administration.
- If the BVA rejects your application, you will receive a rejection notice.
Applications for dismissal from German citizenship can be submitted by:
- Germans with habitual residence abroad
- the foreign state requires you to give up your German citizenship in order to obtain the other nationality
- there is a written assurance from the foreign state that you will be naturalized
- for minors:
- Approval of the German Family Court (at the District Court)
If you are conscripted in Germany, you need the approval of the Federal Office for Personnel Management of the Bundeswehr. This is obtained by the Federal Office of Administration (BVA).
Which documents are required?
When applying, you must submit:
- possible proof of possession of German citizenship, such as:
- German identity card,
- German passport,
- (last) Citizenship card
- Naturalization assurance of the foreign state
- for minors
- Approval of the German Family Court
Please attach the documents and evidence, unless otherwise stated, as officially or notarized copies. For the online application, you first need simple electronic copies. The Federal Office of Administration (BVA) requires any necessary documents and evidence in a certified copy in the online procedure only after the application has been submitted.
What are the fees?
- for the certificate of dismissal: EUR 51.00
- for the rejection notice: EUR 38, 00
Please keep in mind that you may incur additional costs for obtaining documents, translations and certifications.
What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?
- After delivery of your discharge certificate, naturalization in the foreign state must take place within one year for the release to take effect.
- for the processing of the application: usually 2 to 3 months
Applications / forms
- Forms: yes
- Online procedure possible: yes
- Written form required: no
- Personal appearance required: yes (to hand over the certificate of dismissal)
The text was automatically translated based on the German content.
Technically approved by
Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (BMI)
Professionally released on