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Animal pathogens: approved - movement/import

Animal pathogens are propagating pathogens which can cause communicable diseases in animals and propagating strains modified in terms of virulence derived from such pathogens.

The provisions on the importation of animal pathogens are laid down in the Animal Pathogen Import Regulation. The import requirements are directly dependent on the nature of the pathogen. An import permit may be issued in accordance with Sections 2, 3 and 4.

The provisions of Paragraph 2 concern the pathogens of animal disease which are described as exotic from a European point of view and which do not occur in Germany. These include the pathogens of the

  • African horse sickness,
  • American horse encephalitis (type East, type West and type Venezuela),
  • Japanese B-encephalitis, bovine plague,
  • pulmonary disease of bovine animals,
  • African swine fever,
  • Bluetongue in sheep and cattle,
  • jumping sickness of the sheep as well as
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (types of foreign types for Europe).

Due to the great danger of animal disease caused by this pathogen, their importation is not authorised in principle. The possibility of importation is provided for emergencies and may only be

  • the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health (FLI),
  • the Paul Ehrlich Institute as well as
  • scientifically managed bodies entrusted by the competent national authority to carry out research or specific investigations


Sections 3 and 4 shall cover all animal pathogens not falling under Section 2, including the pathogens of parasitic diseases. In accordance with their danger and epidemiological importance, they are divided into two further groups. In this respect, the pathogens covered by Paragraph 3 are subject to a more stringent assessment than the group subject to Paragraph 4. In principle, authorisation is granted only to scientifically managed establishments and establishments in conjunction with conditions in order to exclude, as far as possible, the spread of the disease. The conditions are directly dependent on the danger of the pathogen to be introduced.

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

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