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Official physician

The competent authority is obliged to set up a specialist medical service in order to carry out its tasks in the public health service. In Lower Saxony, all doctors who work in these specialist medical services and who have completed special training in the field of public health are considered as official doctors. (In the past, on the other hand, the medical management of the municipal health authorities was usually referred to as an official doctor.)

An essential task is to carry out medical examinations and assessments and to draw up expert opinions, certificates and certificates. In many legal provisions, an official medical examination is expressly required. They are often also mandated if this is not explicitly required. This is due, among other things, to the fact that official doctors are distinguished by their special independence and by their special additional expertise in the field of public administration. They act on behalf of other authorities as well as private individuals.

Official doctors carry out other activities, for example in the areas of health prevention, infection protection and environmental hygiene.

Examples of official medical activities and examinations on behalf of public authorities:

  • Recruitment studies of candidates for the civil service
  • Determination of the suitability for the exercise of certain professions
  • Service ability of civil servants
  • Ability of public sector workers to work
  • Assessments according to the Social Code - Twelfth Book (SGB XII)
  • Determination of the medical necessity of medical aids, as well as cures and sanatorium treatments for public sector workers
  • Assessment of liability, ability to negotiate, culpability, ability to work/gainful employment, legal support for courts
  • Determination of the ability of persons to travel, e.g. for courts and immigration authorities
  • Determination of the fitness to drive motor vehicles
  • Determination of the need for care in accordance with the Social Code - Eleventh Book (SGB XI)

Examples of official medical activities and examinations on behalf of private individuals:

  • Students: Cancellation of tuition fees for health reasons
  • Students: Determination of incapacity for examination for health reasons
  • Students: Extension of the deadline for the diploma thesis due to illness / certificate of need for a cure for the tax office
  • Certificate of the need for a cure for the tax office

Who should I contact?

The responsibility lies with the district and the county-free city.

Which documents are required?

Documents may be required. Please contact the appropriate body.

What are the fees?

Fees may apply. Please contact the appropriate body.

What deadlines do I have to pay attention to?

No deadlines need to be observed.


The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

competent Bodies

Landkreis Emsland - Fachbereich Gesundheit

Address: Ordeniederung 1 , 49716 Meppen

Postal address: Post Office Box 15 62

Telephone: 05931 44-0
Fax: 05931 44-3621
Transport Connection:
Building Access:
elevator available : yes
wheelchair-accessible : yes


Point of contact:
Dr. Thomas Niehoff
Telephone: 05931 44-1196
D 196
responsible for:

Data protection information

Landesbeauftragte für den Datenschutz Niedersachsen

Address: Prinzenstraße 5, 30159 Hannover

Telephone: +49 511 12045-00
Fax: +49 511 12045-99
Building Access:
elevator available : unknown
wheelchair-accessible : unknown

Source: Serviceportal Niedersachsen (Portalverbund des Bundes und der Länder)

Further Links

Single points of contact of the state of Lower Saxony, Single points of contact of the countries of Europe, advice and assistance for EU citizens and their families.